Biography of Nepali Writer Parijat (Bishnu Kumari Waiba) With Her Photos

Parijat was a Nepali writer. Her real name was Bishnu Kumari Waiba (Waiba is a subgroup of Tamang) but she wrote under the pen name Parijat (Parijat is a night-flowering fragrant jasmine flower). Her most acclaimed publication is Siris Ko Phul (The Blue Mimosa), which has also been adapted in the literature curriculum of some colleges in some English-speaking countries.

Parijat was born in 1937 in the hill station of Darjeeling, India, a place known for its tea gardens. Her mother Amrit Moktan died when Parijat was very young, and she was raised by her father Dr. K.N. Waiba, who was a psychologist, and her grandparents. The birth place of Parijat, Darjeeling, was a major centre of Nepali language, culture and literature during her growing-up years. Darjeeling is inhabited by Nepali people and has never lost its character as a major centre of Nepali language, culture and literature. Sharing a close relationship with Nepal, Darjeeling has played an influential role in the development of Nepal’s literature. Therefore, Parijat was intricately connected to Nepal and Nepali literature from her early childhood. Having had a keen interest in literature from her childhood, she was destined to play an important and well-appreciated role in strengthening Nepali literature.

Parijat completed part of her schooling in Darjeeling and came to Kathmandu, Nepal in 1954. She completed her schooling at Padma Kanya School and received her Bachelor of Arts degree. Suffering early on from physical ailments, at the age of 26, she became paralyzed and was looked after for much of her life by her sister.

In 1959, Parijat’s first poem was published by Dharti. She published three poetry collections: Akansha, Parijat Ka Kavita and Baisalu Bartaman. Her first short story was Maile Najanmayeko Choro. She is, however, best known in Nepal as a novelist. Altogether, she wrote ten novels, of which Siris Ko Ful gained the greatest popularity. In 1965, she was awarded with the Madan Puraskar for the novel. She also received the Sarwashrestha Pandulipi Puraskar, Gandaki Basunahara Puraskar, and Bridabrit. Siris Ko Phul is one of the most important piece of work in the whole of Nepalese literature.

She was elected a member of the Tribhuwan University and was a part of Ralfa literature movement. She also played an important role in the establishment of Pragati Sil Lekhan Sangh and worked for Akhil Nepal Mahila Manch, Bandi Sahayata Niyog and Nepal Manav Adhikar Sangathan. Parijat remained unmarried and continued to suffer physical setbacks. While she was contributing to literature, she also tried to support social causes and initiated attempts like Prisoners’ Assistance Mission. She died in 1993.

Several Bengali poets and painters of the Hungry generation movement had stayed in Kathmandu for a few months during the sixties decade and had been able to exchange indomitable spirits of each other. Parijat’s Akansha is a testimony to that spirit. The notable Hungryalist poets and painters who visited Parijat quite frequently were Malay Roy Choudhury, Subimal Basak. Anil Karanjai and Samir Roychoudhury. A collection of Nepali and Hungryalist writings was edited by Samir Roychoudhury.

Novel

  1. शिरिषको फूल / Shiris Ko Phool (The Blue Mimosa)
  2. महत्ताहिन / Mahattahin
  3. परिभाषित आँखाहरु / Paribhasit Aankhaharu
  4. बैशको मान्छे / Baishko Manche
  5. तोरीबारी, बाटा, र सपनाहरु / Toribari, Bata Ra Sapanaharu
  6. अन्तर्मुखी / Antarmukhi
  7. उसले रोजेको बाटो / Usle Rojeko Bato
  8. पर्खाल भित्र र बाहिर / Parkhal Bhitra Ra Bahira
  9. अनिदो पहाड संगै / Anido Pahad Sangai
  10. बोनी / Boni

Short story

  1. मैले नजन्माएको छोरो / Maile Najanmayeko Choro

Short story collections

  1. आदिम देश / Aadim Desh
  2. सडक र प्रतिभा / Sadak Ra Pratibha
  3. साल्गीको बलात्कृत आँसु / Salgiko Balatkrit Aashu
  4. बधशाला जाँदा आउँदा / Badhsala Jadaa Aunda

Poem collections

  1. आकांक्षा / Akanksha
  2. पारिजातका कविता / Parijat Ka Kavita
  3. बैशालु वर्तमान / Baisalu Bartaman

Memoir essays

  1. धूपी, सल्ला र लालीगुराँसको फेदमा / Dhupi Salla Ra Laliguransko Fedma
  2. एउटा चित्रमय सुरुवात / Euta Chitramaya Shuruwat
  3. अध्ययन र संघर्ष / Aadhyayan Ra Sangharsha

Most of the text in this article is taken from Wikipedia Under Creative Common License

 

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